Yes, the case is closed, everything is fine at the end!
Thank you for your patience!
I would like to say few words to other newbies (Linux users) that may face my situation.
So, if you want to buy Monero (XMR) you need a wallet in order to obtain an XMR address.
The option I had chosen was the console version of the wallet.
First thing you should do is to start the daemon by going to the directory of the XMR wallet (using the Terminal) by typing:
Then your daemon will start syncing. There will be some green lines with information about ERRORs, INFOs and WARNINGs, then some yellow lines where you will be informed that the synchronization process will start. After the yellow lines you will start seeing lines like those:
2017-03-21 08:53:44.494 [P2P7] INFO global src/cryptonote_protocol/cryptonote_protocol_handler.inl:995 [22.214.171.124:18080 OUT] Synced 1263597/1270901
2017-03-21 08:55:55.537 [P2P6] INFO global src/cryptonote_protocol/cryptonote_protocol_handler.inl:995 [126.96.36.199:18080 OUT] Synced 1263797/1270901
2017-03-21 08:57:21.216 [P2P1] INFO global src/cryptonote_protocol/cryptonote_protocol_handler.inl:995 [188.8.131.52:18080 OUT] Synced 1263997/1270901
This is what you have to wait until the last block is synchronized! In my case it takes very long time, 2 days and still not done as you see (16GB RAM, Intel i5, but slow and not very stable internet).
So, if you are in my situation, when time is very precious you can go around with this issue! You can leave the daemon synching and open the client with the option of using a remote node which will reduce the time of synchronization to about 20-30 minutes in my case.
You can open the client using this option by typing:
$ ./monero-wallet-cli --daemon-address ADDRESS.OF.HOST:18089
,where the ADDRESS.OF.HOST:18089 option could be for example:
You can find other options here (by the way, read the whole page, it is full of helpful information) https://moneroworld.com/#nodes
Now, you have to put the name of the wallet, the password and if the client connects to the remote node you will see (after a while) a message that you are synchronizing:
Height: 1271028 / 1271035
When the refresh is done, the block counter will disappear and you will see something like this:
Refresh done, blocks received: 335
Balance: 0.00000000000, unlocked balance: 0.000000000000
Background refresh thread started
This is the case when you do not have coins If you have coins, you will not have only zeros but some positive numbers as well.
If you do not connect the server, you will have this for example:
Error: wallet failed to connect to daemon: node.moneroworld.com. Daemon either is not started or wrong port was passed. Please make sure daemon is running or restart the wallet with the correct daemon address.
The conclusion is that you can try to synchronize remotely while you are waiting for your local node to be build up. Everybody suggests that the best is if you have a local node. So, in the long term, it seems a must. Also, donations are recommended for using remote nodes, hence it is not a good idea to rely on them all the time for free.
Cheers, have a nice trading with Bitsquare!